Talking About Skin Discoloration


All colors of the skin are beautiful. There is not one shade that is acceptable and others unacceptable. Skin colors in all shades make you look attractive. Every shade has its own beauty. However, sometimes, your skin tone gets discolored due to health conditions or other reasons.

If your skin gets discolored, you must consult a healthcare provider soon so that they can evaluate and diagnose the underlying reason for it. You might not take skin discoloration seriously. But sometimes, it can be due to a skin infection. Therefore, a consultation with the doctor is a must. To get an expert opinion, you can visit a Skin Specialist in Karachi.

Skin discoloration is common, manifesting in many forms, from birthmarks to more complex conditions such as melasma that develop later in life. The degree and pattern of these lesions have significant implications for one’s general health. Mostly they are easily manageable – although some can be quite bothersome, especially when accompanied by feelings of self-consciousness. Here are some examples of skin discolorations, their causes, and treatments.

Tinea Versicolor

Tinea versicolor is a fungal infection that can cause small, colored patches to develop on different body parts. These patches may be lighter or darker and may also be accompanied by mild itching and scaling. Treatment options include antifungals, such as itraconazole tablets, capsules, oral solutions, selenium sulfide lotions or shampoos, ketoconazole cream, or gel.


It is a condition where the immune system attacks the body’s organs and tissues. Generalized vitiligo is a condition in which people lose pigment (color) all over their bodies. Some areas which are frequently rubbed and become a target of this discoloration include the neck, face, lips, and scalp.

Segmental vitiligo is a rare form that affects just a small percentage of adults. It typically happens in a concentrated area, and the person may have small patches of skin that are less-than-fully pigmented.

The doctor will try different treatments to make the skin look better. Sometimes, they will use medicines or laser treatments to lighten up the skin.

Topical steroids can help treat some symptoms of vitiligo, but there are also some side effects. If topical treatments haven’t worked and the person has vitiligo on more than 50% of their body, then they may need to have their skin “bleached” with a hydroquinone-based medicine. Also, phototherapy may be a more effective form of therapy.


It is a skin condition that makes patches of skin darker than normal. It is caused by an overproduction of melanin. It can happen to people of all races. There are three main types of hyperpigmentation; melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, and sun (or Age) spots.

Sunspots are dark areas on the skin that happen when people are too exposed to the sun.

Melasma is a skin condition that causes large patches, usually light or dark brown or blue-gray color to develop on the face.

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is a skin condition that happens when there is trauma or injury to the skin, and it can cause a flat, discolored patch of skin. Treatment options for these conditions include using sunscreen, creams, or lotions to treat the condition, or having surgery to remove the skin discoloration.


Albinism is a skin disorder that is caused by a lack of pigment. It is a condition that affects people of all races and ethnicities. It is most common in children and most often affects people’s hair and eyes. Most people with albinism are born to parents with normal hair and eye colors.

People with albinism may sometimes have a reddish or violet cast to their eyes because certain lighting conditions can make it easier to see the veins behind the eyes. Unfortunately, many people with albinism have vision problems. There is no cure for this skin condition but always use sunscreen to avoid sun damage and cancer.


In conclusion, skin discoloration is a common condition that can range from harmless to more serious. While some discolorations are permanent, many can be treated with over-the-counter or prescription medications. Therefore, consulting a dermatologist is a must. To get an expert opinion, you can visit Dermatologist in Lahore.

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